Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM)

NOAA image depicting implementation of EAM for fisheries. Source: NOAA Fisheries.

An Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) “provides a comprehensive framework for living resource decision making. In contrast to individual species or single issue management, EAM considers a wider range of relevant ecological, environmental, and human factors bearing on societal choices regarding resource use.” (NOAA, 2014)

Implementing EAM via DWH Oil Spill Restoration

  • Shepard, AN, N Thompson, C Friess. 2013. Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management in the Gulf Of Mexico: Recommendations for Implementation through Oil Spill Restoration Programs. Gulf of Mexico University Research Collaborative, St. Petersburg, FL. 34 pp. Available at
  • Shepard, AN. 2014. Restoring deepwater coral ecosystems and fisheries after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Chap. 9 pp. 148-169. In: Bortone, SA (ed). Interrelationships between corals and fishes. CRC Press.

Gulf EAM Programs & Tools: